Katsuhisa Yamada, Masahiko Takahata, Ken Nagahama, Akira Iwata, Tsutomu Endo, Ryo Fujita, Hiroyuki Hasebe, Takashi Ohnishi, Hideki Sudo, Manabu Ito, Norimasa Iwasaki


November 2022, pp 1 - 8 Original Article Read Full Article 10.1007/s00586-022-07470-x

First Online: 24 November 2022

Purpose

To determine the efficacy and poor prognostic factors of posterolateral full-endoscopic debridement and irrigation (PEDI) surgery for thoraco-lumbar pyogenic spondylodiscitis.

Methods

We included 64 patients (46 men, 18 women; average age: 63.7 years) with thoracic/lumbar pyogenic spondylodiscitis who had undergone PEDI treatment and were followed up for more than 2 years. Clinical outcomes after PEDI surgery were retrospectively investigated to analyze the incidence and risk factors for prolonged and recurrent infection.

Results

Of 64 patients, 53 (82.8%) were cured of infection after PEDI surgery, and nine (17.2%) had prolonged or recurrent infection. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that significant risk factors for poor prognosis included a large intervertebral abscess cavity (P = 0.02) and multilevel intervertebral infections (P 

Conclusion

PEDI treatment is an effective, minimally invasive procedure for pyogenic spondylodiscitis. However, a large intervertebral abscess space could cause instability at the infected spinal column, leading to prolonged or recurrent infection after PEDI. In cases with a large abscess cavity with or without vertebral bone destruction, endoscopic drainage alone may have a poor prognosis, and spinal fixation surgery could be considered.


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